While this incident represents one of the first of its kind, the bad news is this form of attack is only going to become more common as more and more everyday items get connected to the internet, providing hackers with greater numbers of potential zombie devices.”
The reason behind it is the issue of default credentials for wireless devices. This is going to bring billions of devices into the fold by 2020, which is only three years away. Whenever it is, there’s going to be so many of these things used by people with very limited understanding of what they are,” says Dine.
Source: How IoT hackers turned a university’s network against itself | ZDNet
The network that IoT devices must use should be isolated and secured by a firewall. This isn’t that difficult to do.
The overlay skimming devices pictured here include their own tiny magnetic read heads to snarf card data from the magnetic stripe when customers swipe their cards. Consequently, those tiny readers often interfere with the legitimate magnetic card reader on the underlying device, meaning compromised self-checkout lines may move a bit slower than others.
Source: How to Spot Ingenico Self-Checkout Skimmers — Krebs on Security
While it’s amusing to make fun of Giuliani, hiring people with little or no bona fide security experience to head up cybersecurity practices in government is sadly a tried and true pastime in Washington. Instead of tapping actual computer security experts, politicians in many cases continue to put their friends or people they know in charge of a monumental problem that requires expertise beyond having many political connections or relationships with donors.
Source: Rudy Giuliani is an absurd choice to defend the US from hackers | Trevor Timm | Opinion | The Guardian
From: Trump’s cyber-guru Giuliani runs ancient ‘easily hackable website’
“You can probably break into Giuliani’s server,” said Robert Graham of Errata Security. “I know this because other FreeBSD servers in the same data center have already been broken into, tagged by hackers, or are now serving viruses.
“But that doesn’t matter. There’s nothing on Giuliani’s server worth hacking.”
We must stop trying to fix the user to achieve security. We’ll never get there, and research toward those goals just obscures the real problems. Usable security does not mean “getting people to do what we want.” It means creating security that works, given (or despite) what people do. It means security solutions that deliver on users’ security goals without — as the 19th-century Dutch cryptographer Auguste Kerckhoffs aptly put it — “stress of mind, or knowledge of a long series of rules.”
Source: Security Design: Stop Trying to Fix the User – Schneier on Security
Sadly, it is still relatively easy for thieves to create an account in the name of Americans who have not already created one for themselves. All one would need is the target’s name, date of birth, Social Security number, residential address, and phone number. This personal data can be bought for roughly $3-$4 from a variety of cybercrime shops online.
After that, the SSA relays four multiple-guess, so-called “knowledge-based authentication” or KBA questions from credit bureau Equifax. In practice, many of these KBA questions — such as previous address, loan amounts and dates — can be successfully enumerated with random guessing. What’s more, very often the answers to these questions can be found by consulting free online services, such as Zillow and Facebook.
Source: Social Security Administration Now Requires Two-Factor Authentication — Krebs on Security
Increasingly, attacks focus on social engineering or phishing that lures users onto compromised websites that can steal information or serve ransomware.
Those websites are so short-lived that antivirus software often doesn’t update fast enough to recognize them, Sjouwerman added.
Source: Could antivirus software make your computer less safe?
Examiners found out-of-place programs known as dynamic link libraries, or DLLs, that had been written onto the Wisconsin computer. The programs were designed to “redirect” a drawing if certain conditions were met, according to the complaint, helping orchestrate the outcome.
Source: Here’s how brothers rigged lotteries, authorities say
Security experts counter that such arguments ignore the fact that even end-to-end encrypted technology leaves a trail of metadata behind that can be used to parse who is talking to whom, when and where. “Encryption is really good at making it difficult to hide the content of communications, but not good at hiding the presence of communications,” said Matt Blaze, a computer security expert at the University of Pennsylvania.
Source: Encrypted Messaging Apps Face New Scrutiny Over Possible Role in Paris Attacks
The securelevel mechanism is intended to allow protecting the persistence of code and data on the system, or a subset thereof, from modification, even by the super-user by providing convenient means of “locking down” a system to a degree suited to its environment.
Source: NetBSD 6.1.5 – man page for secmodel_securelevel (netbsd section 9) – Unix & Linux Commands
Highly secure mode may seem Draconian, but is intended as a last line of defence should the super-user account be compromised. Its effects preclude circumvention of file flags by direct modification of a raw disk device, or erasure of a file system by means of newfs(8). Further, it can limit the potential damage of a compromised “firewall” by prohibiting the modification of packet filter rules. Preventing the system clock from being set backwards aids in post-mortem analysis and helps ensure the integrity of logs. Precision timekeeping is not affected because the clock may still be slowed.
You can read the paper here.
This paper is the last artifact of my work at Mozilla, since I left employment there at the beginning of April. I believe that Mozilla can make progress in privacy, but leadership needs to recognize that current advertising practices that enable “free” content are in direct conflict with security, privacy, stability, and performance concerns — and that Firefox is first and foremost a user-agent, not an industry-agent.
Source: Monica at Mozilla: Tracking Protection for Firefox at Web 2.0 Security and Privacy 2015