Google’s website is at the fore of an expected boom in websites taking advantage of a 2-year-old change in internet rules that lifted the limits for these suffixes, called top-level domains. That’s brought .paris, .movie and .xyz to websites and email addresses.
For this “controlled interruption” JAS recommends returning an address within the 127/8 loopback range: “Responding with an address inside 127/8 will likely interrupt any application depending on an NXDOMAIN or some other response, but importantly also prevents traffic from leaving the requestor’s network and blocks a malicious actor’s ability to intercede.”
Instead of the familiar 127.0.0.1 loopback address for localhost, the report suggests “127.0.53.53”. Because the result is so unusual, it’s likely to be flagged in logs and sysadmins who aren’t aware of a name collision issue are likely to search online for information about the address problems.
The four new gTLDs all use non-Latin scripts: شبكة (Arabic “web “), онлайн (“online” in Cyrillic), сайт (“sale” in Cyrillic) and 游戏 (“game” in Chinese). In total, the gTLD process will result in expansion of top-level domains from 22 to up to 1400.
More domains will be added to the root progressively. “ICANN’s New gTLD Program was designed to facilitate a measured rollout of new domains so as not to disrupt the Domain Name System,” ICANN said in a statement.
The new proposal specifies that “member states have the right to manage all naming, numbering, addressing and identification resources used for international telecommunications/ICT services within their territories.” This seems to be a challenge to the authority of ICANN and IANA, the quasi-private organizations that currently oversee the allocation of domain names and IP addresses.
The domain name mobi is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Its name is derived from the adjective mobile, indicating it’s used by mobile devices for accessing Internet resources via the Mobile Web.
The domain was approved by ICANN on 11 July 2005, and is managed by the mTLD global registry. It was originally financially backed and sponsored by Google, Microsoft, Nokia, Samsung, Ericsson, Vodafone, T-Mobile, Telefónica Móviles, Telecom Italia Mobile, Orascom Telecom, GSM Association, Hutchison Whampoa, Syniverse Technologies, and Visa, with an executive from each company serving on mTLD’s board of directors.
Countries would also be able to charge fees for international Internet traffic and establish new engineering and technical guidelines that would affect how the Internet works.
He also said the ITU’s regulations are “not an appropriate or useful venue to address cybersecurity,” and added, “We are very sensitive about any one organization taking on the sole role of solving cyberthreats.”